The Basics Of Candlesticks

Lesson 2
5 min read

Whether you're an experienced trader or a novice embarking on your journey into the labyrinth of cryptocurrency markets, mastering the interpretation of candlestick patterns is a crucial skill. These patterns, with their intricate and visually appealing presentation of price data, offer traders a comprehensive outlook on potential market trends. With this information at their disposal, traders can make more enlightened decisions about their trading strategies.

Unraveling the Candlestick

Candlestick charts trace their origins back to 17th-century Japan. However, it was Steve Nison who introduced them to the Western world in his seminal book 'Japanese Candlestick Charting Techniques.' A candlestick is a graphic embodiment of price fluctuations within a defined timeframe. It encapsulates four essential components: the opening price, the closing price, the highest price, and the lowest price during the specified period.

The Body of the Candlestick

The most substantial part of the candlestick, the body, signifies the spectrum between the opening and closing prices. A filled or usually colored body shows that the closing price was lower than the opening price, symbolizing a bearish or downward trend. Conversely, an empty body or one colored differently illustrates that the closing price exceeded the opening price, indicating a bullish or upward trend.

The Wicks or Shadows

These slender lines extending from the body of the candlestick represent the price extremes - the highest and lowest - witnessed during the specific time period.

The Significance of Candlesticks in Cryptocurrency Trading

Candlestick charts offer a wealth of information, much more than what simple line charts can provide. They not only depict the direction of price movements but also encapsulate the general sentiment pervading the market. This sentiment analysis is crucial for traders involved in the volatile crypto markets.

Certain candlestick configurations can forecast potential trend reversals or continuations, thereby providing traders with valuable insights to calibrate their trading strategies accordingly.

Decoding Common Candlestick Patterns in Cryptocurrency Trading

There are numerous candlestick patterns that traders often encounter in the crypto trading realm. Some of the most prevalent ones include:

Bullish and Bearish Engulfing

These two-candle patterns signal potential reversals in market trends. A bullish engulfing pattern emerges when a smaller bearish candle is followed by a larger bullish candle that 'engulfs' the preceding one. This pattern often heralds a possible bullish reversal. Conversely, a bearish engulfing pattern indicates a potential bearish reversal.

Hammer and Inverted Hammer

The hammer is a bullish reversal pattern that takes shape during a downtrend. It features a small body, a minuscule or non-existent upper wick, and a long lower wick. The inverted hammer is the hammer's mirror image and indicates a possible upward trend.

Shooting Star and Hanging Man

The shooting star is a bearish reversal pattern that manifests after an upward trend. It is characterized by a small body, a negligible or absent lower wick, and a long upper wick. The hanging man pattern, on the other hand, forms at the culmination of an uptrend and points towards a potential downtrend.


The Doji is a symbol of market indecision as the opening and closing prices are virtually identical. Based on the trend preceding it, the Doji could indicate a potential price reversal.

Three White Soldiers and Three Black Crows

These three-candle patterns denote strong reversals or continuations in trends. The Three White Soldiers suggest a robust bullish reversal or continuation, while the Three Black Crows point to a strong bearish reversal or continuation.

Integrating Candlesticks into Cryptocurrency Trading

The use of candlestick patterns should not be standalone. Traders need to combine them with other trading indicators, such as moving averages, Relative Strength Index (RSI), or volume indicators to corroborate potential trend shifts.

Given the high volatility that is the hallmark of cryptocurrencies, the time frame chosen for candlestick pattern analysis is pivotal. A specific pattern on a daily chart could have different implications than the same pattern appearing on a 15-minute chart.

Interpreting candlestick patterns is more art than science. It requires practice and experience to proficiently identify lucrative trading opportunities in the frenzied crypto market.

Remember, despite their utility, candlestick patterns do not guarantee trading success. It's vital to manage your risk effectively and possibly seek counsel from a financial advisor before committing to significant investment decisions.

The cryptocurrency market, whether it's Bitcoin, Ethereum, or other digital currencies, is notoriously mercurial. Traders proficient in reading and interpreting candlestick patterns can navigate these choppy waters more efficiently. However, keep in mind that candlestick patterns are just one facet of the multifaceted world of crypto trading - as the age-old adage goes, knowledge is power.

Stay in touch

Stay in touch and sign up for the newsletter, join the Discord, follow on Twitter for all the updates and latest developments.

Published on
July 26, 2023